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ArticleName Electrochemical processing of technogenic wastes of rhenium-containing heat-resistant nickel alloys in sulfuric acid solutions
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2017.10.08
ArticleAuthor Agapova L. Ya., Abisheva Z. S., Kilibaeva S. K., Yakhiyaeva Zh. E.

JSC “Institute of Metallurgy and Benefication”, Almaty, Kazakhstan:
L. Ya. Agapova, Chief Researcher, e-mail:
Z. S. Abisheva, Chief Researcher
S. K. Kilibaeva, Senior Researcher
Zh. E. Yakhiyaeva, Leading Engineer


We investigated the electrochemical processing of technogenic wastes of rhenium-containing heat-resistant nickel alloys in the form of large scrap pieces of turbine blades in sulfuric acid solutions. By 80–90% of rhenium can be converted into the solution during the anodic dissolution of compact pieces of these alloys in sulfuric acid solutions with nitric acid addition under a direct current of 500–1000 A/m2 with a temperature of 25–30 oC. A high recovery of cobalt, chromium, aluminum and slightly less nickel in solution is also observed under these conditions. Tungsten, tantalum, hafnium and most part of molybdenum pass into the anode slime almost completely. When the anode slime is chemically processed in sulfuric acid solutions with additives of hydrogen peroxide or nitric acid, some part of rhenium, nickel and cobalt in the slime is transferred to the solution. Rhenium (crude ammonium perrhenate, where rhenium content is not less than 68.9 wt. %) is recovered from the combined solution after anodic processing of alloy wastes and chemical dissolution of anode slimes by a known solvent extraction method. The cake, remaining after chemical processing of anode slimes, is a concentrate of refractory rare metals containing up to 39–42% W; 15–18% Ta and 3–4% Hf. A nickel-cobalt concentrate with a content of 31.5% Ni and 4.8% Co is precipitated by sodium hydroxide after rhenium extraction from the sulphate raffinate containing significant amounts of nickel, cobalt, chromium and aluminum. The carried out studies offered a principal technological flowsheet for processing of large pieces of wastes of rheniumcontaining heat-resistant nickel alloys. The flowsheet includes anodic dissolution of wastes with a direct current in sulfuric acid solutions and the production of crude ammonium perrhenate, a concentrate of refractory rare metals and nickel-cobalt concentrate from the products of electrolysis.

Investigations were carried out according to the Grant of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.4351/ГФ4.

keywords technogenic wastes, heat-resistant nickel alloys, electro chemical processing, sulfuric acid solution, anode slime, rhenium, ammonium perrhenate, nickel-cobalt concentrate, concentrate of refractory rare metals.

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