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ArticleName Influence of Pr and Tb oxides on magnetic parameters of hard magnetic materials based on the alloy Pr – Fe – B
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2017.02.14
ArticleAuthor Tarasov V. P., Kutepov A. V., Khokhlova O. V., Ryabova A. V.

National University of Science and Technology “MISiS”, Moscow, Russia:

V. P. Tarasov, Professor, Head of a Chair of Non-ferrous Metals and Gold
A. V. Kutepov, Leading Engineer of Industrial Technologies Engineering Center
O. V. Khokhlova, Engineer of a Chair of Non-ferrous Metals and Gold, e-mail:
A. V. Ryabova, Master's Degree Student of a Chair of Non-ferrous Metals and Gold


R – Fe – B alloys (R = rare-earth metals Nd and Pr) with main phase R2Fe14B are of a great scientific and practical importance for the manufacture of magnetic materials and production of permanent magnets. There are numerous papers on study of these alloys, and various methods of formation of a highcoercivity state in the alloy. The main disadvantage of hard magnetic materials (HMM) of system Nd – Fe – B is their low thermal stability. The temperature coefficient of inductance (TCI) of these materials is approximately at –0.1%/oC. This paper shows that the substitution of Nd by Pr not only reduces the amount of harmful boron phases, but can lead to its complete disappearance. However, there are other phases remaining in the material that greatly affect the magnetic properties and the fabrication parameters of material. In this study, the effect of Pr6O11 and Tb4O7 oxides on the magnetic parameters of hard-magnetic material Pr15B7.2Fe (rest) at concentrations ranging up to 2.2% (weight) of Pr6O11 and 0.8% (weight) of Tb4O7 was investigated. During sintering of HMM Pr – Fe – B, containing Pr6O11, the oxide interacts with a high-praseodymium oxide phase forming a domain wall and destructing with formation of oxide Pr2O3. As a result, the domain wall is weakened, and the coercive force of magnetization HCI falls on 12% (for 2.2% Pr6O11). While doping the HMM Pr – Fe – B with an oxide Tb4O7 the oxide particles are located along the grain boundaries of Pr2Fe14B main magnetic phase, strengthening them. As a result, the coercive force of magnetization HCI increases on 18% (for 0.8% Tb4O7).
This work was carried out within the agreement between the National University of Science and Technology “MISiS” and JSC “Magneton” (Moscow, Russia) No. 1/2015 (28.07.2015), realized with the financial support by the governmental order of Russian Federation No. 218, 09.04.2010.

keywords Hard magnetic materials, constant magnets, magnetic characteristics, temperature stability, terbium, praseodymium, oxides

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