Журналы →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2022 →  №2 →  Назад

Название Mining Engineer L. F. Grauman and the gold mining industry development in Russia
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2022.02.17
Автор Vladimirsky I., Krotova M. V.
Информация об авторе

Achva Academic College, Arugot, Israel:

I. Vladimirsky, Head of Department, Professor, Doctor of Historical Sciences


Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia:

M. V. Krotova, Professor, Doctor of Historical Sciences, mary_krot@mail.ru


Russia began to establish its gold-mining industry since the end of the 19th—beginning of the 20th centuries and quickly became the world’s top gold producer. Gold mines of East Siberia made a foundation of the Russian gold industry and for a very short period developed from little handicraft diggings into big companies and transnational enterprises like Lena Gold Joint-stock Company. One of the key figures who played a significant role in launching and growth of the Russian gold industry was Leopold F. Grauman, a graduate of the Saint Petersburg Mining Institute. He was a type of a person who integrated the public interests in increasing gold production and the private initiative in development and foundation of the Russian gold industry as a rentable branch of industry based on long-term scientific planning and approach. Grauman was a kind of practitioner, who on his own experience knew how to organize geological expeditions in difficult to pass Siberian taiga, a year-round gold mining in difficult permafrost conditions, usage of technical innovation that indirectly influenced the development of domestic machine industry and production of machines for extreme weather conditions. He initiated the establishment of the Permanent Advisory Committee of gold and platinum entrepreneurs in order to transform Russian gold industry from spontaneous into a planned one. The Committee published its own journal and held regular congresses of gold and platinum entrepreneurs where delegates elected by the regional congresses represented the interests of the regions. The congresses were empowered to make decisions on technical improvements and funding of gold industry as well as questions of labor legislation and improvement of professional level of gold mine workers and employees.

Ключевые слова Gold industry, East Siberia, mining engineers, Lena Gold Mining Company, Permanent advisory office of the gold and platinum entrepreneurs, L. F. Grauman, contribution to development of industry
Библиографический список

1. Melua A. I. Geologists and mining engineers in Russia : Encyclopedia. Moscow ; Saint-Petersburg : Gumanistika, 2000. 720 p.
2. Zablotskiy E. M. Mining development in czarist Russia : Assay on history : Who’s Who. Moscow : Novyi khronograf, 2014. 280 p.
3. Zinovev V. P. Industrial personnel in old Siberia. Tomsk : Izdatelstvo Tomskogo universiteta, 2007. 258 p.
4. Rumyantsev P. P. Service personnel in gold mines in Siberia in the 19th – early 20th century. Tomsk : ID TGU, 2016. 308 p.
5. Vladimirsky I., Krotova M. V. Siberian gold industry through the prism of diaries of Yakov Friser (1869–1932). Noveyshaya istoriya Rossii. 2019. Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 609–624.
6. Private archive of Ya. D. Frizer. Notebook No. 2.
7. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 1102. Register 1. File 1316.
8. Central State Historical Archive in Saint-Petersburg. Fond 963. Register 1. File 9455.
9. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 1418. Register 1. File 424.
10. Obruchev V. A. My traveling over Siberia. Moscow : Izdatelstvo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1948. 275 p.
11. Sukhodolov A. History of gold mining at Irkutsk. Zoloto i tekhnologii. 2017. No. 4(38). pp. 150–162.
12. Onishchenko S. A., Sokerina N. V. Features of the Formation of the Golets Vysoschaishii Gold-Ore Black-Shale Deposit (Bodaibo Ore District). Geology of Ore Deposits. 2021. Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 138–155.
13. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 1418. Register 1. File 348.
14. State and needs of the gold industry in the Olekma area. Saint-Petersburg : Tipolitografiya A. Leyferta, 1898. 56 p.
15. Sharapov I. P. Lena gold placer mines : Assays on history. Irkutsk : Irkutskoe oblastnoe gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo, 1949. 206 p.
16. Leshkov V. G. At the golden Lena. Recollections. Moscow, 1996. 96 p.
17. Grauman L. F. Placer mining business at the Lena Gold Company in operation of 1894–1895. Vestnik zolotopromyshlennosti. 1896. No. 10. pp. 208–210.
18. State Archive of the Russian Federation. Fond 1186. Register 1. File 45.
19. Gintsburg A. G. Visiting placer mine sites of the Lena Gold Mining Association : Report. Saint-Petersburg : Tipografiya M. M. Stasyulevicha, 1899. 248 p.
20. Wilkins M., Schröter H. The Free-Standing Company in the World Economy 1830–1996. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1998. 439 p.
21. Grauman L. F. Lena Association business. Vostochnoe obozrenie. 1902. No. 1. pp. 2–3.
22. Siegelbaum L. H. Another “Yellow Peril”: Chinese Migrants in the Russian Far East and the Russian Reaction before 1917. Modern Asian Studies. 1978. Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 307–330.
23. Morozan V. V. Lena gold mining partnership – a client of the State Bank. Uralskiy istoricheskiy vestnik. 2019. No. 3(64). pp. 126–133.
24. Belozerov I. N. Once again about the Lena Association. Vostochnoe obozrenie. 1902. No. 94. pp. 2–3. 25. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 1418. Register 1. File 108.
26. Central State Historical Archive in Saint-Petersburg. Fond 2049. Register 1. File 1265.
27. Performance of the Permanent Advisory Bureau of Gold and Platinum Industrialists in 1902–1904 : Assay. Saint-Petersburg, 1905. 20 p.
28. Grauman L. F. Draft Statute for Gold and Platinum Industry. Saint-Petersburg, 1908. 14 p.
29. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 32. Register 1. File 224.
30. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 150. Register 1. File 385.
31. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 1418. Register 1. File 210а.
32. Chaput D. Gold for the Commissars: Charles Jenin’s Siberian Ventures. Huntington Library Quarterly. 1986. Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 385–400.
33. Grauman L. F. Russian gold industry and intensification of gold mining in the Empire. Petrograd : Tipolitografiya Yakor, 1915. 18 p.
34. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 620. Register 1. File 4.
35. Russian State Historical Archive. Fond 37. Register 48. File 2205.
36. Kuzbasov G. A. At the Lena placer mines. Sibirskie ogni. 1927. No. 2. pp. 128–146.
37. Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Fond 642. Register 4. File 863.
38. Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Fond 642. Register 4. File 376.

Language of full-text русский
Полный текст статьи Получить