Journals →  Tsvetnye Metally →  2011 →  #11 →  Back

ArticleName Remediation of disturbed territories in the copper-nickel industry impact area
ArticleAuthor Isaeva L. G., Lukina N. V., Gorbacheva T. T., Belova E. A.

Institute of Industrial Ecology Problems of the Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (INEP KSC RAS)

L. G. Isaeva, Leader of Laboratory, e-mail:
N. V. Lukina, Chief Researcher
T. T. Gorbacheva, Senior Researcher
E. A. Belova, Leading Engineer


The paper considers the issue of vegetation rehabilitation over the disturbed territories around copper-nickel smelters in the Murmansk region. Research tasks include: assessment of trees and shrubs and chemical analysis of soils and plants at sites remediation. Assessment of trees and shrubs was carried out in plots, where plant height was measured and noted signs of damage to plant industrial pollution, insects, fungi and rodents. The selection of soil samples and leaves of trees and shrubs was carried out by conventional methods from each plot at 5-fold replication Actual acidity (pH) was measured by potentiometry in aqueous suspension using a ratio soil: solution for organic horizons as 1:25 and for the mineral horizons as 1:2.5. Definition of metabolic compounds of Ca, Mg, K, Na, soil samples were carried out by extraction with 1 M CH3COONH4 (pH = 4.65). For organic horizons used the same ratio of soil and the propellant, and that in determining the pH for mineral — 1:10. Metal content was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry, P — colorimetry, and C — according to Tyurin method, total N — according to Keldal method. Based on numerous years of experimental and industrial activity of remediation of industrial barren land, an analysis is provided of approaches applied for the rehabilitation of vegetation in conditions of aerial industrial pollution. The results of vegetation condition and the content of elements accessible for plants are presented depending on various approaches applied for vegetation rehabilitation in the industrial barren land areas. The paper is designed for forest ecologists, agrologists, college lecturers and students.

keywords Industrial pollution, technogenic wastelands, rehabilitation of vegetation, ecological approach, investment approach

1. Evdokimova G. A., Kislykh E. E., Mozgova N. P. Biologicheskaya aktivnost pochv v usloviyakh aerotekhnogennogo zagryazneniya na Kraynem Severe (Biological activity of grounds in conditions of aerotechnological polluting on Far North). Leningrad, 1984. 120 p.
2. Tsvetkov V. F. Problemy issledovaniya i okhrany prirody v regione Belogo morya (Problems of nature researching and protection in the White Sea region). Murmansk, 1987. pp. 148–156.
3. Pankratova R. P., Tsvetkov V. F., Nikonov V. V. Izmenenie svoystv podzolistykh Al—Fe-gumusovykh pochv severnykh tekhnogennykh landshaftov (Kolskiy poluostrov) v rezultate rekultivatsii (Change of properties of podsolic Al—Fe-humic soils of northern technogenetic landscapes. (Kola peninsula) as a result of recultivation). Tez. dokl. VII Delegatskogo sezda pochvovedov (Thesis of abstracts of VII delegatory conference of soil scientists). Tashkent, 1985. p. 185.
4. Pankratova R. P., Tsvetkov V. F. Primenenie udobreniy v lesnom khozyaystve (Usage of fertilizers in forestry). Arkhangelsk, 1986. pp. 182–183.
5. Tsvetkov V. F. Vliyanie promyshlennykh predpriyatiy na okruzhayushchuyu sredu — Inflence of Industrial Enterprises on Environment. Moscow, 1987. pp. 112–119.
6. Tsvetkov V. F., Cherkizov E. A. Voprosy introduktsii khozyaystvenno-tsennykh drevesnykh porod na Evropeyskom Severe (Questions of introduction of commercially valuable woody species at European North). Arkhangelsk, 1989. pp. 144–148.
7. Tsvetkov V. F., Pankratova R. P., Cherkizov E. A. Rekultivatsiya narushennykh zemel na territorii Kraynego Severa, podverzhennykh aerotekhnogennomu zagryazneniyu (Recultivations of disturbed soils, susceptible to aerotechnogenic pollutions at the territory of Far North). Prakticheskie rekomendatsii (Practical Recommendations). Arkhangelsk, 1992. 24 p.
8. Evdokimova G. A. Ekologo-mikrobiologicheskie osnovy okhrany pochv Kraynego Severa (Ecological and microbiological base of soils protection of Far Notrh). Apatity, 1995. 272 p.
9. Kozlov M. V., Haukioja E. Restoration Ecology. 1999. No. 7. pp. 145–154.
10. Eränen J. R., Kozlov M. V. Restoration Ecology. 2006. Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 77–86.
11. Winterhalder K. Forest Dynamics in Heavily Polluted Regions. Eds. J. L. Innes, J. Oleksyn, CAB International, 2000. pp. 87–119.
12. Lukina N. V., Nikonov V. V. Lesovedenie — Forest Science. 1999. No. 2. pp. 57–67.
13. Lukina N. V., Nikonov V. V. Social and Environmental Impacts in the North. Eds. R. O. Rasmussen, N. E. Koroleva. Dordrecht : Kluwer, 2003. pp. 191–205.
14. Lukina N. V., Sukhareva T. A., Isaeva L. G. Tekhnogennye digressii i vosstanovitelnye suktsessii v severotaezhnykh lesakh (Technogenetic digression and reduction of succession in northern taiga forrestes). Moscow. 2005. 245 p.
15. Nikonov V. V., Lukina N. V., Isaeva L. G., Gorbacheva T. T., Belova E. A. Innovatsionnyy potentsial Kolskoy nauki — Innovation Potential of Kola Science. Apatity, 2005. pp. 288–293.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy