Journals →  Gornyi Zhurnal →  2017 →  #11 →  Back

ArticleName Design philosophy and choice of technologies for sustainable development of underground mines
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.11.10
ArticleAuthor Kaplunov D. R., Radchenko D. N.

Institute of Integrated Mineral Development – IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

D. R. Kaplunov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
D. N. Radchenko, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences,


In the article, based on the analysis of the world experience and generalization of the results of the authors’ own research, the directions for the development of the design of underground mines have been determined and the technologies providing for the sustainable development of mines have been proposed. The prospects of practical application of the principles of sustainable development in mining design are shown. The definition of sustainable development of mines is given, which is achieved by rapid adaptation of geotechnologies to changing conditions. The concept of a new technological paradigm, designed to ensure the sustainable development of underground mines, is disclosed. In terms of underground development of nonferrous and precious metals deposits, generic design solutions aimed at ensuring the sustainability of mining in changing ground conditions and taking into account the economic, environmental and social aspects of the sustainable development are proposed. It is established that the achievement of the sustainable development goals is possible only on the basis of synchronous transformation of geotechnologies and anthropogenically transformed subsoil plot. The fullcycle integrated development objective is not only mineral extraction but operation of a subsoil area for an indefinitely long period of time, based on preliminary design of transition between geotechnologies, and for the period after completion of mining. This approach is the substance of the sustained performance of underground mines.

Creation of the simulation model of the investigation of parameters of the ecologically-balanced geotechnologies are carried out with the support of the Russian Scientific Funds (grant No. 14-37-00050-П “Investigation of the ecologically-balanced cycle of the complex mastering of hard mineral deposits” within the contest “Complex scientific investigations aimed on the deterioration of the human environment”).

keywords Оre deposits, sustainable development, underground mine, geotechnology, mining system, patterns of functioning, new technological paradigm, mine design

1. Humphreys D. Sustainable development: can the mining industry afford it? Resources Policy. 2001. Vol. 27, Iss. 1. pp. 1–7.
2. Pimentel B. S., Gonzalez E. S., Barbosa G. N. O. Decision-support models for sustainable mining networks: fundamentals and challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016. Vol. 112. pp. 2145–2157.
3. Espinoza R. D., Rojo J. Towards sustainable mining (Part I): Valuing investment opportunities in the mining sector. Resources Policy. 2017. Vol. 52. pp. 7–18.
4. Reyes-Bozo L., Godoy-Faúndez A., Herrera-Urbina R., Higueras P., Salazar J. L. et al. Greening Chilean copper mining operations through industrial ecology strategies. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2014. Vol. 84. pp. 671–679.
5. Erzurumlu S. S., Erzurumlu Y. O. Sustainable mining development with community using design thinking and multi-criteria decision analysis. Resources Policy. 2015. Vol. 46. pp. 6–14.
6. Melnikov N. N. Aspects of stability of mining-industrial complex of Russia. Anniversary symposium on development of new ways and technologies of Earth soil mastering : thesis of reports. Moscow : IPKON RAN, 1999. pp. 24–26.
7. Trubetskoy K. N., Galchenko Yu. P., Burtsev L. I. Ecological problems of soil mastering during the stable development of nature and society. Moscow : Nauchtekhlitizdat, 2003. 261 p.
8. Chanturiya V. A. Prospects of stable development of mining-processing industry of Russia. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2007. No. 2. pp. 2–9.
9. Trubetskoy K. N., Kornilkov S. V., Yakovlev V. L. About new approaches to provision of stable development of mining. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2012. No. 1. pp. 15–19.
10. Vasilchuk M. P., Trubetskoy K. N., Ilin A. M., Zimich V. S., Chanturiya V. A. et al. Soils and general considerations of ecological safety of their mastering. Gornyi Zhurnal. 1995. No. 7. pp. 17–21.
11. Huanqing Li, Xiaozhao Li, Chee Kiong Soh. An integrated strategy for sustainable development of the urban underground: From strategic, economic and societal aspects. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology. 2016. Vol. 55. pp. 67–82.
12. Population: Our growing population. United Nations. Available at: (accessed: 15.04.2017).
13. Glazev S. Yu. Theory of long-term technical and economic development. Moscow : VlaDar, 1993. 310 p.
14. Sadovnichiy V. A., Akaev A. A., Korotaev A. V., Malkov S. Yu. Modeling and forecasting of global dynamics. Moscow : ISPI RAN, 2012. 359 p.
15. Trubetskoy K. N., Chanturiya V. A., Kaplunov D. R., Rylnikova M. V. Complex mining of deposits and deep processing of mineral raw materials. Moscow : Nauka, 2010. 437 p.
16. Aynbinder I. I., Rodionov Yu. I., Patskevich P. G. New underground mineral mining approaches. Fizikotekhnicheskie problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopaemykh. 2008. No. 5. pp. 89–97.
17. Pakhaluev V. F., Galchenko Yu. P., Sabyanin G. V. Experience of realization of ideas of frame geotechnology for saving the water-bearing horizons at Yaroslavskoe deposit. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten. 2011. No. 11. pp. 130–137.
18. Kaplunov D. R., Radchenko D. N. Mined-out areas: Approaches to multipurpose use in complete integrated cycle of hard mineral mining. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016. No. 5. pp. 28–33. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.05.02
19. Kartoziya B. A., Korchak A. V., Levchenko A. N. Theoretical and practical problems of subsoil development under megacities. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2014. No. 9. pp. 60–64.
20. Karabasov S., Nerukh D., Hoekstra A., Chopard B., Coveney P. V. Multiscale modeling: approaches and challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2014. Vol. 372, Iss. 2021. 3 p. Available at: (accessed: 15.04.2017).
21. Hoekstra A., Chopard B., Coveney P. Multiscale modeling and simulation: a position paper. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2014. Vol. 372, Iss. 2021. 8 p. Available at: (accessed: 15.04.2017).
22. Alowayyed S., Groen D., Coveney P. V., Hoekstra A. G. Multiscale computing in the exascale era. Journal of Computational Science. 2017. Vol. 22. pp. 15–25.
23. Borshchev A. The Big Book of Simulation Modeling. Multimethod Modeling with AnyLogic 6. AnyLogic North America, 2013. 614 p. Available at: (accessed: 15.04.2017).
24. Ghoreishi-Madiseh S. A., Hassani F. P., Abbasy F. Development of a novel technique for geothermal energy extraction from backfilled mine stopes. The 11th International Symposium on Mining with Backfill. Perth : Australian Centre for Geomechanics PP, 2014. pp. 61–72.
25. McLellan B. C., Corder G. D., Giurco D. P., Ishihara K. N. Renewable energy in the minerals industry: A review of global potential. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2012. Vol. 32. pp. 32–44.
26. Kaplunov D. R., Rylnikova M. V., Radchenko D. N. Utilization of renewable energy sources in hard mineral mining. Fiziko-tekhnicheskie problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopaemykh. 2015. No. 1. pp. 88–96.
27. Rylnikova M. V., Manevich L. I., Eremenko V. A., Smirnov V. V. Utilization of elastic energy of rock mass as a source of renewable energy. Fiziko-tekhnicheskie problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopaemykh. 2015. No. 6. pp. 119–132.
28. Rylnikova M. V., Yun A. B., Terenteva I. V. Prospects and development strategy of Jezkazgan deposit. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2015. No. 5. pp. 44–49. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2015.05.09
29. Mannanov R. Sh., Zverev A. P., Angelov V. A., Lavenkov V. S. Research of compositions and methods of preparation of filling mixtures on underground mobile stowage units. Marksheyderskiy vestnik. 2012. No. 3. pp. 12–16.
30. Lavenkov V. S. Development openings cross-sectional area justifi cation with using of mobile underground backfill equipment. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten. 2015. Special issue No. 15. Conditions of stable functioning of mineral-resource complex of Russia. Iss. 3. pp. 96–104.
31. Kaplunov D. R., Rylnikova M. V., Radchenko D. N., Abdrakhmanov I. A., Alimbetov A. F. et al. Method for comprehensive development of complex ore fields. Patent RF, No. 2327873. Applied: 25.09.2006. Published: 27.06.2008. Bulletin No. 18.
32. Toth C. Overview of the Laboratory: Background to the Laboratory. Science and Technology Facilities Council. Boulbe Underground Laboratory. Available at: (accessed: 15.04.2017).
33. Tinti F., Boldini D., Ferrari M., Lanconelli M., Kasmaee S. et al. Exploitation of geothermal energy using tunnel lining technology in a mountain environment. A feasibility study for the Brenner Base tunnel – BBT. Tunneling and Underground Space Technology. 2017. Vol. 70. pp. 182–203.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy