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MINING TECHNOLOGY IN INTEGRATED MINERAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
ArticleName Design philosophy and choice of technologies for sustainable development of underground mines
DOI 10.17580/gzh.2017.11.10
ArticleAuthor Kaplunov D. R., Radchenko D. N.
ArticleAuthorData

Institute of Integrated Mineral Development – IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia:

D. R. Kaplunov, Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences
D. N. Radchenko, Senior Researcher, Associate Professor, Candidate of Engineering Sciences, mining_expert@mail.ru

Abstract

In the article, based on the analysis of the world experience and generalization of the results of the authors’ own research, the directions for the development of the design of underground mines have been determined and the technologies providing for the sustainable development of mines have been proposed. The prospects of practical application of the principles of sustainable development in mining design are shown. The definition of sustainable development of mines is given, which is achieved by rapid adaptation of geotechnologies to changing conditions. The concept of a new technological paradigm, designed to ensure the sustainable development of underground mines, is disclosed. In terms of underground development of nonferrous and precious metals deposits, generic design solutions aimed at ensuring the sustainability of mining in changing ground conditions and taking into account the economic, environmental and social aspects of the sustainable development are proposed. It is established that the achievement of the sustainable development goals is possible only on the basis of synchronous transformation of geotechnologies and anthropogenically transformed subsoil plot. The fullcycle integrated development objective is not only mineral extraction but operation of a subsoil area for an indefinitely long period of time, based on preliminary design of transition between geotechnologies, and for the period after completion of mining. This approach is the substance of the sustained performance of underground mines.

Creation of the simulation model of the investigation of parameters of the ecologically-balanced geotechnologies are carried out with the support of the Russian Scientific Funds (grant No. 14-37-00050-П “Investigation of the ecologically-balanced cycle of the complex mastering of hard mineral deposits” within the contest “Complex scientific investigations aimed on the deterioration of the human environment”).

keywords Оre deposits, sustainable development, underground mine, geotechnology, mining system, patterns of functioning, new technological paradigm, mine design
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