Journals →  Tsvetnye Metally →  2017 →  #3 →  Back

ArticleName Assessment of efficiency of various technical lignosulfonates using as binders during the flotation copper-nickel concentrate briquetting
DOI 10.17580/tsm.2017.03.05
ArticleAuthor Ozerov S. S., Portov A. B., Tsymbulov L. B., Mashyanov A. K.

LLC “Gipronikel” Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russia:

S. S. Ozerov, Researcher of Laboratory of Metallurgy, e-mail:
A. B. Portov, Senior Researcher of Laboratory of Metallurgy
L. B. Tsymbulov, Head of Laboratory of Metallurgy


JSC “Kola MMC”, Murmansk Oblast, Zapolyarny, Russia:
A. K. Mashyanov, Deputy Chief Engineer on Pyrometallurgical Production Reconstruction


Nowadays, the section of briquetting of bulk copper-nickel concentrate is accepted for industrial operation in Kola MMC. Liquid technical lignosulfonate is used as a binder in briquetting. During the mastering of briquetting technology, there was set a range of problems, connected both with technological properties of binder, and with necessity of optimization of exploitation costs. Industrial control data set the episodic worsening of mechanical properties of briquettes (compressive strength and impact resistance) without any clear technological variations in the process. One of these possible reasons is the deviation of binding properties of lignosulfonate with supplier change. Besides, nowadays lignosulfonates, used as binders, are transferred from the category of cheap production wastes into the category of popular technical materials, which, simultaneously with deviation of strength characteristics, is negatively caused on industrial and economic constituent of the production stage. This paper searched the indirect indicators and criteria, which may be the basis of assessment of binding properties of lignosulfonate without any testings. Chemical composition, pH and slurry viscosity are the criteria, potentially influencing on binding properties of lingnosulfonate. According to the investigations there was set the grade of influence of each investigated indicator on the strength of obtained briquettes. One of the easiest controllable indicator is pH.

keywords Briquetting, roller press, hydrogen indicator, viscosity, lignosulfonate, copper-nickel concentrate, compressive strength, binder

1. Mashyanov A. K. Development of briquetting technology of sulfide highmanganese copper-nickel raw materials : Dissertation … of Candidate of Engineering Sciences. Saint Petersburg : NMSU “Gornyy”, 2011. 159 p.
2. Ozerov S. S., Portov A. B., Blekhshteyn B. L., Tsemekhman L. Sh., Fomi chev V. B. Research of the briquettability of stored sandstone spillage from Kayerkan surface coal mine. Part 2. Tsvetnye Metally. 2013. No. 4. pp. 42–46.
3. Felman R. I., Skotnikova G. N., Astafev Yu. M. Briquetting of fine-grained materials. Izvestiya vuzov. Tsvetnaya metallurgiya. 1990. No. 4. pp. 17, 18.
4. Abdulabekov E. E., Kaskin K. K., Nurumgaliev A. Kh. Theory and technology of chromium alloy production. Almaty : Redaktsionno-izdatelskiy otdel Aktyubinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta imeni K. Zhubanova, 2010. 280 p.
5. Rieschel H. Present state of sponge iron briquetting in consideration of the selection of the binding agent. Metallurgical Plant and Technology. 1981. No. 2. pp. 14–24.
6. Sunde M. Organic binder as a substitute for bentonite in ilmenite pelletization : master thesis. Trondheim : Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2012. 104 p.
7. Srivastava U., Kawatra S. K., Timothy C. E. Study of organic and inorganic binders on strength of iron oxide pellets. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B. 2013. Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 1000–1009.
8. Maymur B. N., Noskov V. A., Petrenko V. I., Sokolov V. M. Investigation of the process of briquetting of dust-form nickel-containing wastes. Fundamental and applied problems of ferrous metallurgy : collection of scientific proceedings. Dnepropetrovsk : IChM NAN Ukrainy, 2007. No. 15. pp. 265–271.
9. Bezdezhskiy G. N., Novokreshchenova Z. V., Sibirtsev Yu. A., Uymin V. A., Shestakova L. A. Investigation of the process of cold briquetting of dusts of shaft smelting of oxidized nickel ores. Kompleksnoe ispolzovanie mineralnogo syrya. 1990. No. 7. pp. 43–47.
10. Zemlyanoy K. G. Temporal technological binders in industry. Novye ogneupory. 2012. No. 10. pp. 13–18.
11. Naftal M. N., Naboychenko S. S., Lugovitskaya T. N., Bolatbaev K. N. SAS in autoclave hydrometallurgy of non-ferrous metals. Ekaterinburg : UIPTs, 2014. 596 p.
12. Deyneko I. P. Utilization of lignines: achievements, problems and prospects. Khimiya rastitelnogo syrya. 2012. No. 1. pp. 5–20.
13. Renedo M. J., Fernández J. Influence of different lignosulphonates on the properties of desulfurant sorbents prepared by hydration of Ca(OH)2 and fly ash. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2008. Vol. 47, No. 4. pp. 1331–1335.
14. Ouyang X., Deng Y., Qian Y., Zhang P., Qiu X. Adsorption characteristics of lignosulfonates in salt-free and salt-added aqueous solutions. Biomacromolecules. 2011. Vol. 12, No. 9. pp. 3313–3320.
15. Ivanov Yu. S. Modern methods of sulfate cellulose boiling : tutorial. Saint Petersburg : GOU VPO SPb GTURP, 2005. 63 p.
16. Koverninskiy I. N., Komarov V. I., Tretyakov S. I., Bogdanovich N. I., Sokolov O. M., Kutakova N. A., Selyanina L. I. Complex chemical processing of wood : tutorial for universities. Ed.: I. N. Koverninskiy. Arkhangelsk : Izdatelstvo Arkhangelskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta, 2002. 347 p.
17. Pulp and paper production technology. In three volumes. Volume 1. Raw materials and semi-finished products production. Saint Petersburg : LTA, 2002. 424 p.
18. Bogomolov B. D., Sapotnitskiy S. A., Sokolov O. M. Processing of sulfate and sulfite liquors. Moscow : Lesnaya promyshlennost, 1989. 360 p.
19. Osovskaya I. I., Kukharenko Yu. A., Kovzhina A. L., Poltoratskiy G. M. Lignosulfonates — the additives in paintwork material compositions : tutorial. Ed.: G. M. Poltoratskiy. Saint Petersburg : GOU VPO SPb GTURP, 2010. 36 p.
20. Astafev N. I. Macromolecule structure in solutions on interphase boundary and surface-active properties of lignosulfonates : Thesis of inauguration of Dissertation … of Doctor of Chemical Sciences. Saint Petersburg, 1996. 45 p.
21. Nedosvitiy V. P., Antonov G. I., Vinogradov M. A., Dimakova L. K. Using lignosulfonates as binders during the refractories production. Ogneupory. 1994. No. 5. pp. 6–11.
22. Kontturi A. K. Determination of diffusion coefficients and effective charge numbers of lignosulphonate. Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions. Part I. 1998. Vol. 84, No. 11. pp. 4043–4047.
23. Ozerov S. S., Portov A. B., Tsemekhman L. Sh., Mashyanov A. K. Choice of optimal binder for briquetting of sulfide copper-nickel concentrates. Saint Petersburg : Institut “Gipronikel”, 2015. 58 p. Deposited in Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI RAS) 31.03.2015, No. 68-V2015.
24. Guanzhou Qiu, Tao Jiang, Hongxu Li, Dianzuo Wang. Functions and molecular structure of organic binders for iron ore pelletization. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical Engineering Aspects. 2003. Vol. 224, No. 8. pp. 11–22.

Language of full-text russian
Full content Buy